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J. J. McNamara: Martinez Mayor, Businessman and Booster

J. J. McNamara was the perfiect early 20th century "we can do it!" businessman, entrepreneur and civic leader. Mayor, builder of the State Theater, farmer and contractor.

John J. McNamara – Martinez Businessman

Editor’s Note:  The material for this article came from principally from a column in the Martinez News-Gazette in the 1980s written by the then City Historian, the late Charlene Perry.  Another source was the “History of Contra Costa County”  published in 1927. (HJB)

If you happen to be sitting in the City Hall waiting for your agenda item to be taken up, gaze at the pictures of the Mayors of Martinez on the east wall. You’ll catch the change in fashion and facial hair, the advances in photography and portraiture and the fact that only one woman held the office before the seat became separately elected in the mid 1970s.

One of the pictures on the left side of the display is that of John J. McNamara, a city trustee (councilman) for nearly 20 years during the early 20th century and Mayor a number of times during his tenure.  J. J. McNamara, as he was known, was also the archetype of the early 20th century businessman/entrepreneur who truly believed that the country his Irish parents had emigrated to and the town they had raised their children in were the best places in the world where anyone who worked hard could succeed if they wanted to.

McNamara and his business partner, Reese Jones, managed the Bay View Park and Pavilion from 1905 to 1914 making the site the main center of community activities and a destination for recreation-seekers from all over the Bay Area.  Farmer D. R. Thomas owned the hillside property above Richardson Street which Green Street now runs through.  Thomas, whose name is now attached to the hill overlooking Green Street, had long allowed Martinez Grammar School children to picnic, play sports and chase butterflies on the land. 

McNamara and Jones formalized all that by leasing the property from Thomas and establishing baseball diamonds and building a large open-sided hall or pavilion which could double as a roller skating rink.  Twice it burned down and twice it was replaced bigger and better than ever.  Besides the picnicking ‘city folks” on the weekend, it featured weekly vaudeville entertainment, was the site of several Alhambra Union High School graduation ceremonies and featured a fund-raising play in June, 1911 supporting the women’s suffrage campaign and was the location of popular community dances.   In a way the city’s first park, the Bay View Pavilion was a great success until yet another fire and the lure of subdividing and building homes for a rapidly growing population put an end to it in 1914.

But the Pavilion was only one of the many local ventures the energetic McNamara took on.  He was born in 1867 to Michael and Catherine McNamara.  His father had come to America in the early 1860s settling in Martinez and engaging in farming and the grocery and tavern business.  Growing up, McNamara worked with his father on the farm and at the grocery, both located on Alhambra Avenue (then Smith Street) between F and G Streets.  Safeway is located on the site of the McNamara business which J. J.  first converted into a home for his bride, native daughter Annie Hitman and their family.  He later turned it into apartments.  It was a good location because the roads from San Ramon and from San Pablo came together some two blocks south (later known as the “Y” and now as the intersection of Alhambra Avenue and Alhambra Way featuring Walgreen’s on the southeast corner), McNamara worked in the store and on the farm learning agriculture from the ground up.  At 18, he was foreman and had begun buying property on his own.

 As an established business and family man, McNamara often juggled a number of business interests.  Always in the grocery business, in later years with his brother-in-law George Winkelman, he also owned a tavern and a liquor store and, after the 1904 fire destroyed a significant part of the downtown, opened the Palm Garden Grill at the corner of Main and Ferry directly across from the Bank of Martinez (now Union Bank).    He partnered with Reese Jones in an insurance business and then in the Bay View Pavilion. 

Whatever venture he was pursuing, McNamara was always interested in owning land and in developing it.  Over his lifetime he bought and sold several ranches around Martinez.  As a City trustee and particularly as Mayor, he was responsible for building the 1913 Martinez City Hall on Main Street backing up on Ward at the intersection of Estudillo Street (now Main Street Plaza).  Construction of the Ward Street bridge over Alhambra Creek behind City Hall, promoted by McNamara and other businessmen including Ernest Lasell, Sr., changed the character of the downtown retail corridor and led to its glory years in the succeeding four decades.

As a businessman during the second decade of the 20th century, McNamara quickly saw the impact of the new Shell Refinery under construction on the eastern side of the town.  Housing was in desperately short supply and McNamara stepped up, building with partners Jones and Winkelman, the City Hall Apartments, now a charming restored office building next to Main Street Plaza housing Starbuck’s and Le Gateau Elegant.

He also built at least eight small cottages in the Portuguese Flats area along Estudillo and Castro Streets north of Arreba Street.  Most are still in use as is the “double house” on the 1400 block of Alhambra, two houses that are mirror images of each other with a common roof line.

As an entrepreneur constantly looking for ways to expand business and make more money, the end of the Bay View Pavilion caused McNamara to look for other opportunities.  In 1913, McNamara saw in the increased popularity of automobiles the need to revive the ferry service between Martinez and Benicia that had disappeared with the advent of the train ferry “Solano” in the late 19th century. He organized the Martinez-Benicia Ferry and Transportation Company, which was to survive in one form or another until the Martinez-Benicia Bridge opened in 1962. 

Under McNamara’s management, the Bay View Pavilion had featured the new ‘moving pictures’ as part of its year-round program of entertainment brought in from the region and from among the traveling theatrical entertainment companies that criss-crossed early 20th century America.  Short and devoid of compelling story line in the days before D. W. Griffiths’ Birth of a Nation, also in 1913, the films were shown accompanied by singers and vaudeville acts thought needed to round out the show.

By the end of World War I, films had developed their ‘feature length’ and starred, in silent glory, actors and actresses such as Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford whose newest films began to be eagerly awaited by fans.

McNamara, ever the man to take advantage of the future, launched his last great venture in downtown Martinez – the building of the State Theatre on Ferry Street between Ward and Green.  Now renovated and the home of the Contra Costa County Public Defender’s Office, the State in its heyday displayed the art nouveau glamour of the movie palaces being erected across the country.  It featured a sweeping stairway where years later, Martinez residents themselves as high school girls descending the staircase dreaming they were as glamorous as the stars they had just seen. 

It also featured a sizeable orchestra pit where J. J. McNamara died of a fatal heart attack in 1922 while helping to install the theater organ.  He was 55.

Current exhibits and upcoming events:

“Before BART:  Electric Railroads Link Contra Costa County”  the story of the electric railroad system that traversed parts of Contra Costa County in the first four decades of the 20th century.  Now through June 28 at the County History Center: 610 Main Street, Martinez .  Admission is free.

Suffrage Film Fest:  An evening showing of  films depicting the history of the womens suffrage movement both nationally and locally.  Presented by the County and Martinez Historical Societies in connection with the centennial of California women winning the right to vote.  April 2 from 7 to 9 p.m. at the Martinez Veterans Hall.  A donation of $5 would be appreciated.

To find out more about Martinez and Contra Costa County history:

Martinez Museum – 1005 Escobar Street, cnr of Court Street

Open Tues and Thurs 11:30 a.m. to 3p.m. First 4 Sundays 1-4 p.m.

925-228-8160; www.martinezhistory.org

 Contra Costa County History Center610 Main Street, Martinez

Open Tues through Thurs, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.; 3rd Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

925-229-1042; www.cocohistory.com


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Dick Duncan March 30, 2012 at 01:55 PM
Great article Harriet, thanks for sharing! Cooki Telles recently found an old photo of the Pavillion and surrounding area which she made copies of and shared with neighbors who now live in the area. Compliments your efforts nicely. I love hearing these great examples of community involvement by the early residents of Martinez. Puts true meaning to the phrase "good old days", they surely were!
Patrick J. McNamara March 30, 2012 at 11:13 PM
Although not a direct relative (they were the "other" McNamara family when my Gramps came to town), J.J. looks enough like my grandfather to have been an identical cousin. Must be something about County Clare, Ireland that breeds barrel-chested, ruddy faced men. Great article, Harriet!
Harriett Burt March 30, 2012 at 11:40 PM
I wondered about that, Patrick -- I vaguely knew that it was a different family but figured I'd find out for sure when I posted this and I did! Now if you only knew where Henry and Abigail Bush's gravesite is at Alhambra Cemetery... thanks for your comment.
Snafuli Patchouli April 02, 2012 at 04:20 AM
You must never equate developers of yore (who were extensions of pioneers) to developer or mayors of today. Around the late 1960's (as had already occurred in Europe for centuries), architectural and built environment heritage began to matter. We began to understand that our Manifest Destiny no longer included an unending frontier, but also included the inner and educational frontier of our citizens and their collective sense of the historic fabric of their shared environment, and the paces we had strode as a nation as free, slave, and recently arrived. And of course, Pop Culture and commercialism attempted to rob us of our attention to our own meaning. But, despite technology, greed has not completely accomplished that. Hence, the value of Martinez. I despise this recontextualization of the past as some sort of developer/mayor propaganda. If one read our $50,000 professional historic survey (Knapp/KVP Co's), one finds that the best of this building is gone: the marquee, the lobby, and most of all the murals which the community still talks about. You cannot plan an already built-out environment with ignorance, propoganda, or greed. Place is place, and that's just that. The environment is much smarter and longer lasting than any of us.

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